Wounded stripes were an innovation of 1916 and followed a suggestion made by Sir Arthur Conan Doyle that wounding should be recognised by some distinction. To receive the stripe, each soldier needed to have been listed in the casualty returns as 'wounded'
Cambridge Museum, N.Z. notes that items like these are "characteristic of the souvenirs made and sold cheaply, and easily transportable either by mail or in the post, during World War One. Such mementos were sold at both locations of the war effort: close to war zones where soldiers could buy them; and at home, appealing to families who might retain them as a keepsake of a loved one or post them overseas."
"We were resting for a few minutes on what is known as Rhododendron Ridge when the Turks began to shell us and a piece of shrapnel struck your son on the head, it knocked him unconscious. ... I can assure you he never knew what hit him...."
These medals belonged to Lieutenant Colonel Arthur Frederick Batchelar of Fitzherbert, near Palmerston North. They reflect his long military career, from 1899 aged 21 to his retirement in 1927 aged 50.
This shoe bag is typical of the embroidered items that were sold in the Egyptian bazaars to soldiers in World War I. These were very popular during the First World War due to their colourful nature and the fact they were easy to fold and post home. Soldiers bought them while travelling to or from the Western Front (via Egypt) or while they were serving or training in Egypt.
This autograph book includes many signatures from members of the New Zealand Medical Corps housed at the Awapuni (Racecourse) Camp during World War I. There are also autographs from Victor and Horace Cunninghame of the Collinson & Cunninghame department store, Palmerston North.
This autograph book comes from the donor’s grandmother, Annie Mabel Watson, nee Lumley, born 21 Oct 1900, died November 1999. She was the daughter of Charles and Sarah Jane Lumley. Her parents ran a general store in Ashhurst.
Periscopes like these were produced in World War I so soldiers could view out of trenches without having to put their heads over the parapets and risk being shot.
This canteen is a standard issue World War I water bottle for British troops, known as a Mark VI bottle of a 1903 pattern. They were made in blue enamel to indicate they were for water; the khaki woollen felt cover was used to hide the enamel and prevent reflection and noise.
This coin purse was purchased in Jerusalem. It belonged to the donor's brother, Ernest Roy Rowlands, born 1890, who fought with the Manawatu Mounted Rifles in Palestine from September 1918 onwards as part of World War I.
In this photograph from 1918 the staff of the local department store Collinson and Cunningham are costumed to reflect the Allies - including Uncle Sam and Britannia.
The MRH or slouch hat originated with the Alexandra Troop of the Wanganui Cavalry Volunteers, named after the Princess of Wales, Alexandra, in 1864. It saw service in the land wars and later in South Africa during the Boer War when they were known as the Alexandra Mounted Rifles. Their hat became general issue just before World War One, and in the first New Zealand action - the 1914 invasion of German Samoa, the MRH was worn by most soldiers.
These souvenirs were easy to customise because they utilised a chain stitch that was created by a small hand held, free standing machine that was readily manipulated to produce any design. Some souvenirs also included a small fabric 'frame' into which a photograph could be added by the buyer. It was also possible for the customer to design the souvenir completely, in which case it would have to be ordered and collected later on.
The New Zealand Cyclist Corps was created in New Zealand in March 1916 using recruits who were training to join the Mounted Rifles.
Soldiers commissioned personal tags to be made in case their official tags became illegible through wear or damage. This example was crafted from a piece of French currency - making it an example of war art in addition to its practical function.
Of the 111 troopships sent from New Zealand, 88 are known to have produced magazines. This magazine was produced on the Athenic, in its first voyage as a troop ship, and as one of the first troopships to leave New Zealand.
How was coffee made on the frontlines?
"[A]ctive service / military duties can make it difficult to write letters. The Diggers Field Writing Pad has been issued to facilitate letter writing, is supplied free, with refills available at any branch of the NZ YMCA.
The average soldier does not realise fully just how eagerly his letters are looked for and it is hoped this pad will make it easier for him to keep in touch with the Home Folk"
Roy Jennings Richardson - Son of George Richardson and Helena Richardson, Ohakea, Wellington, New Zealand.
This photo-montage is of Ohakea district residents who went to the 1914-1918 War / World War I. All were friends of the Bailey family, farmers at Ohakea.