Accounts from local surgeon Arthur Anderson Martin, including "Poor German Marksmanship", "The State of the Trenches", "Dreaded Gangrene" and "Hints to New Zealanders"
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James Alfred Nash (b. 1871) was Mayor of Palmerston North from 1908-1923 and three time MP for the city. He put together this collection of his memories around 1951, one year before his death. The Ian Matheson City Archives holds a complete copy of this work - this section talks about subjects relevant during the war years - the Patriotic Society, War Activities and the Influenza Epidemic.
This Roll of Honour comes from the Ian Matheson City Archives. It lists the people who served during World War One from the Palmerston North area.
William Dawbin (of Awahuri) was posted to the Wellington Mounted Rifles and shipped out 15 October 1914, first traveling to Egypt and later to the Dardanelles. He was wounded on May 27th at Gaba Tepe (modern Kapatepe, where the Anzac troops landed at Gallipoli). His military record states that he suffered paralysis of the spine. Read his account of his time in Gallipoli here.
Henry Young owned a printing business in Palmerston North during the First World War. Two of his children, Basil and Cyril (Skip), are shown dressed in military style clothing, posed next to a bicycle decked out in patriotic imagery.
This diary describes the final journey of a trooper named William Dawbin, from Awahuri, who had his spine severed at Gaba Tepe (Anzac Cove). It comes not from William himself, but from his cousin Polly, who visited him nearly every day in Netley Hospital in Southampton. To read more about William, see his own Gallipoli Diary and In Memoriam, written by his family to provide context to Polly's diary. Te Manawa Museum kindly lent all of these resources to the Ian Matheson City Archives for the Window Into WW1 project.
These negatives were pulled from the McKnight Collection in the Ian Matheson City Archives, though their relation to the collection is unknown. They have been damaged through poor storage - words can be seen on the negatives, presumably from being kept between the pages in a book. The building in the first image is Greytown Hospital. One figure is named at Sergeant Cunningham. The last negative in the set is labelled "Tauherenikau staff" - probably referring to the medical facilities in Tauherenikau camp, part of Featherston Military Camp.
Huia Heslop Mackrell (1893-1958) was an engineer, working as foreman and Clerk of Works for council and private businesses in Palmerston North, Wellington and Napier/Hastings. He worked for the Palmerston North City Council from 1936-1946. He served in the Armed Forces overseas in World War One and World War Two. His papers were donated to the Ian Matheson City Archives in 2002 and other digitised material from his archive has been added to this website already.
War photographs from Lieutenant Arthur Frederick Batchelar (c 1877-1964). A portion of his personal archives was donated to the Ian Matheson City Archives, including a great deal of items to interest WWI historians, such as photographs, postcards, war magazines, papers and memorabilia. The archive also contains material from before and after the war. The material that relates to WWI has been digitised and will be continually added to his gallery.
After the ringleaders had been arrested and sent home to New Zealand, the rest of the troops were given the task of carving the shape of a large Kiwi in the chalk of the hill that overlooks the camp, known as the Bulford Kiwi, which is still present today.
Frank Cammock, "Killed in Action in the field Belgium 14th Oct 1917".
This signed George Butler etching from 1918 was found in a charity shop.
The reviews for the show were very positive (see below) and a total of £46 10 s (over $6500 in today's money). The script for "The Cup" and several of the musical numbers were written by Miss W Fraser, one of the head mistresses at the school. It was about a statue (played by Mr Stephens) that comes to life in a girls school - no other performances of this play could be found in the newspapers of the time.
This small card was issued by local department store Collinson and Cunninghame to commemorate the patriotic process in Palmerston North "held on receipt of the glorious news that the capitulation of Germany had followed that of Austria, Turkey and Bulgaria."
Apart from special meals, which varied according to where the soldier's were stationed, friends and family at home sent gifts and treats for the men overseas. According to the newspaper reports, the Christmas mail for soldiers on the frontlines was over 2.5 million letters and half a million parcels. In addition to sending gifts and well-wishes, churches and religious groups around the country said The Soldier's Prayer on Christmas morning. It read, "Heavenly Father, bless our soldiers and sailors this Christmas Day, and hearten them for that good fight which alone can bring true peace."
This postcard was sent to WH Smith in Palmerston North from someone on active service, presumably stationed in or near Cairo at the time of sending. The stamp indicates the postcard was sent on 23 June 1916. Note the lack of address - WH Smith must have been very well known in Palmerston North at that time.
These documents represent much of what is left of the archives of the Palmerston North Returned Soldiers' Association (later the Returned Services' Association) from the time of the First World War - thirteen pages of club rules, alongside incorporation papers (including list of early members who made the request).
During the early 20th century, postcards weren't bought solely for communication purposes but also used as souvenirs to be kept in albums. Though personal cameras were available during the First World War, postcards were a way for those without a camera to remember where they had been and things they had experienced.
With an interest and experience in flying, at the outbreak of World War I Philip Fowler, of Cheltenham, obtained a discharge from the Territorial Air Force in New Zealand and, at his own expense, traveled to England to join the Royal Naval Air Services. His log book shows that he received flight training in England and Thasos where he was first stationed. His snapshots of camp life in Thasos are a unique observation of WWI. After injury, and recuperation in England, Philip became Head of the ‘Dover Patrol’. He rose to the rank of Squadron Leader in the RAF.
The Daily Mail Official War Picture postcard series featured many subjects, but this set (series 20) was the first to give the spotlight to Kiwis and was released in January 1917.