It is not known who worked this crochet table mat, but it probably uses a commercial pattern. The identical pattern is currently available in 2015 on a free crochet pattern website.
The Australian War Memorial Museum comments: 'Patterns for patriotic crochet items were published in women's magazines and newspaper supplements.... women could use them to make a variety of household items, such as bedspreads, tray cloths, table cloths or tea cosies'.
Anzac Day was first celebrated on the 25th April 1916 in both Australia and New Zealand, as remembrance of the event, and as a public acknowledgment of grief for the many lives lost. By 1920 it was gazetted in New Zealand as a public, half-day holiday.
This object is held in the Te Manawa Collection - photographs and information kindly provided by museum staff.